What You Need to Know About the Coronavirus

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to be front page in the news. Community transmission has been reported in the United States. At Greene County Medical Center we are carefully monitoring the situation with the virus to stay prepared and keep our communities safe and healthy.

What is the coronavirus?

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus is a new type of virus that belongs to a large family of viruses called Coronaviruses. Many of these infect humans, others infect animals, but this new strain has not been seen in humans before.

How is coronavirus transmitted between people? 

It is transmitted through respiratory droplets, which are essentially just tiny particles that are put out there into the world when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. According to the CDC, it may be possible for someone to get the virus by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose or eyes. However, this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

Is coronavirus treatable? 

Right now, there is no specific medication or vaccine against this Novel Coronavirus. If someone gets sick, the type of treatment they would receive is more to alleviate symptoms and if they get very sick then they would receive other types of supportive therapies in the hospital.

Who is the most at risk for coronavirus? 

We know there is what we call a spectrum of illness. Many people have had what would be considered a mild illness including some fever, some body aches and things like that. But others have gotten really sick. The information that has come out from large case reports from China continues to support that it's elderly patients and patients with underlying illnesses that are at the highest risk of developing severe illness or even death. To define further, that means elderly patients and those who have underlying heart disease, chronic lung disease, and conditions along those lines.

What are we doing at Greene County Medical Center?

We are following guidance provided by the public health department in our state and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). At the Medical Center, we are screening patients with questions related to these topics:

- Fever or respiratory signs or symptoms such as coughing or shortness of breath
- Travel to affected geographical areas in the 14 days prior to onset of signs or symptoms
- Close contact with a person known or suspected to have COVID-19 in the 14 days prior to onset of signs or symptoms

Who is testing samples collected?

If a person is found to have a fever or respiratory symptoms and a history of travel to an impacted geographic area, then we would contact the appropriate department of public health and arrange for testing. Now, we would test for common viruses circulating in the community such as influenza, but we would also arrange special testing for the Novel Coronavirus. 

What happens if there is a positive test?

Ultimately, where a person is treated will depend on how sick they are. If their illness is mild, then they would go home and follow public health’s guidance on voluntary home confinement. If a person is severely ill and needs to come to the hospital, then we would admit them and follow all the infection prevention precautions during hospitalization.

What is the recommendation for travel?

Please visit the CDC website for updated travel recommendations. 

Should we be worried about coronavirus? 

The number of cases in the U.S. is low. There are other things far scarier, at this point, for the Midwest. Influenza activity remains high. There's been an estimated 32 million cases of flu, 310,000 hospitalization and 18,000 deaths from it. 

What can help protect us from all viruses?

We continue to recommend handwashing. If you don't have soap and water available, then it's OK to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It's important to avoid contact with people who are looking sick. And, if you are sick yourself, stay home and give yourself a day or two to actually get better. Keep the surfaces at your home clean. 

Where can we find accurate coronavirus information? 

You can find accurate and updated information  from the CDC and Iowa Department of Public Health